Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
Reason as a Way of Knowing
What is the difference between reason and logic?
How reliable is inductive reasoning?
Are we predictably irrational?
These example stimulus questions (provided in the IB Theory of knowledge guide) could be in your mind as you look at the resource suggestions listed below.
Logic - books
Call Number: TOK 160 PRI
Publication Date: 2001
A very short introduction series.
How the Mind Works by
Call Number: TOK 153 PIN
Publication Date: 1999
There is a section on Reason in this book. See "Reasoning" in the index.
Call Number: TOK 165 SAI
Publication Date: 1995
Indian Philosophy by
Call Number: TOK 181.4 HAM
Publication Date: 2001
India has a long, rich, and diverse tradition of philosophical thought, spanning some two and a half millennia and encompassing several major religious traditions. This Very Short Introduction emphasizes the diversity of Indian thought, and is structured around six schools which have achieved classic status. Sue Hamilton explores how the traditions have attempted to understand the nature of reality in terms of an inner or spiritual quest, and introduces distinctively Indian concepts such as karma and rebirth. She also shows how Indian thinkers have understood issues of reality and knowledge - issues which are also an important part of the Western philosophical tradition. Chapter 1 looks at reason and belief.
Facts vs. belief
Scientific American article about the 'appeal of untestable belief'.
Marianne Talbot (Director of Studies in Philosophy at Dept. of Continuing Education, University of Oxford) shows how to identify an argument.
In addition to the suggestions above, you can also try databases, such as JSTOR, Project Muse and ProQuest Central, on the Reference Sites page of the College Portal (website).
Reason - books
Call Number: 146 ROB
Publication Date: 2013
Our knowledge comes primarily from experience - what our senses tell us. But is experience really what it seems? The experimental breakthroughs in 17th-century science of Kepler, Galileo and Newton informed the great British empiricist tradition, which accepts a 'common-sense' view of the world - and yet concludes that all we can ever know are 'ideas'.Dave Robinson, with the aid of Bill Mayblin's brilliant illustrations, outlines the arguments of Locke, Berkeley, Hume, J.S. Mill, Bertrand Russell and the last British empiricist, A.J. Ayer. They also explore criticisms of empiricism in the work of Kant, Wittgenstein, Karl Popper and others, providing a unique overview of this compelling area of philosophy.
Karl Popper: philosophy and problems by
Call Number: 192 KAR
Publication Date: 1996
Few philosophers in this century have had either Karl Poppers range or his influence, inside and outside philosophy. This collection of essays by fifteen distinguished philosophers, several of whom have been closely associated with Popper and his work, provides a timely assessment of Poppers contributions in a number of key areas: the methodology and philosophy of science; probability and determinism; quantum theory; biology; the theory of evolution; and the theory and practice of politics. The volume offers the specialist and the general reader alike fresh insights into the life and work of one of the twentieth centurys most original thinkers.
Predictably Irrational: the hidden forces that shape our decisions by
Call Number: 153.8 ARI
Publication Date: 2010
Why do our headaches persist after we take a one-cent aspirin but disappear when we take a fifty-cent aspirin? Why do we splurge on a lavish meal but cut coupons to save twenty-five cents on a can of soup? When it comes to making decisions in our lives, we think we're making smart, rational choices. But are we? In this newly revised and expanded edition of the groundbreaking New York Times bestseller, Dan Ariely refutes the common assumption that we behave in fundamentally rational ways. From drinking coffee to losing weight, from buying a car to choosing a romantic partner, we consistently overpay, underestimate, and procrastinate. Yet these misguided behaviors are neither random nor senseless. They're systematic and predictable--making us predictably irrational.