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Research: MLA Referencing Style: Intro

MLA Referencing Style

MLA (short for the Modern Language Association) is the default formatting style for referencing at our school.   The latest version MLA 8 came out in 2016.

MLA requires inline citations, NOT footnotes.  (Note that footnotes may be used in MLA if you are providing extra or explanatory information, not citations.)

For an introduction to referencing, see the HS Research Help: Citing Sources webpage.

For very specific questions, see the MLA Handbook in our library.

Useful books

Below are some books in the library on referencing.  Click here for a full list in the catalog.

MLA Example

The writing excerpt below uses inline citations to point to information sources taken from the bibliography beneath. 

To Eat Meat or Not?

Americans in 1976 consumed an average of 91.5 pounds of beef per year; today that figure is down to 54 pounds (Kunzig).  The UK is about the same, with an average per person consumption of 56 pounds of red and processed meat annually ("Great Meat"). The health danger with eating red meat comes from the high levels of saturated fat.  Vegetarians may feel virtuous, but they should realize that cheese has higher levels of saturated fat than hamburgers (Smith 54).
There are vigorous debates in the scientific community about how much red meat is bad for your health, but all seem to agree that processed meat (bacon, ham, salami, etc.) is definitely worse than unprocessed ("Great Meat"). 

Works Cited
Kunzig, Robert. "Carnivore’s Dilemma." National Geographic Society, 2014. <>.  Accessed 21 Oct. 2014.
Smith, Janine. The Argument against Beef.  New York: Brand Books, 2012.
"The Great Meat Debate". BBC News. British Broadcasting Corporation, 17 July 2014. <>.  Accessed 22 Sept. 2014. 

Book example

MLA Book example

Website example

MLA Website example

Journal article example

MLA Journal article example

Video example

MLA Video example

Newspaper example

MLA Newspaper example

Image example

MLA Image example

Guides to MLA

One of the best guides to the MLA style of referencing is the Purdue University OWL site.

Another great university site for examples of MLA style is CitationFox: MLA

The University of Wisconsin Writing Center is also very useful.