A number of universities, research institutes and Non-Governmental organizations have played an important role in the field of psychology. It is worth examining their websites for further information on the work they do and what their empahsis and specialisation is.
The following people are some who have won the MacArthur "genius" fellowship for their work in Psychology.
Daniel Kahneman is an Israeli-American psychologist and Nobel laureate. He is notable for his work on the psychology of judgment and decision-making, behavioral economics and hedonic psychology.
Jonathan Haidt is an American social psychologist, whose work focuses on questions of morality. He is currently a professor at NYU’s Stern School of Business. His 2012 book,The Righteous Mind: Why Good People Are Divided by Politics and Religion examines the difference in thinking between conservatives and liberals.
Oliver Sacks is an Anglo-American biologist, neurologist and writer. He has practised medicine in the US for over 40 years and is the author of several bestselling books about neurological conditions, including The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat (1985) and, most recently,Hallucinations (2012). He is currently a professor at the NYU School of Medicine.
Steven Pinker is a Canadian psychologist, linguist, cognitive scientist and author. An experimental scientist who is interested in all areas of the mind, Pinker’s research has included visual cognition and psycholinguistics. He has written six books for a general audience, beginning with The Language Instinct (1994). His most recent book isThe Better Angels of Our Nature (2011), which was shortlisted for the 2012 Samuel Johnson Prize. In 2006, he was named Humanist of the Year by the American Humanist Association. He is currently a Professor in the Department of Psychology at Harvard University.
Jennifer Richeson is a social psychologist who examines the behavioral and cognitive consequences of prejudice and racial stereotyping to reveal original insights into the dynamics of interracial interaction. Using a broad range of empirical methods, including fMRI measures, survey techniques, implicit cognitive processing measures, and self-report measures, Richeson analyzes the experiences of members of both minority and majority groups in their interactions with one another.
Angela Duckworth is a psychologist whose studies are clarifying the role that intellectual strengths and personality traits play in educational achievement. Duckworth’s work primarily examines two traits that she demonstrates predict success in life: grit—the tendency to sustain interest in and effort toward long-term goals—and self-control—the voluntary regulation of behavioral, emotional, and attentional impulses. A major difference between the two qualities is that grit equips individuals to pursue especially challenging aims over years and even decades, while self-control operates at a more micro timescale in the battle against what could be referred to as “hourly temptations.”
The field of psychology counts a number of famous psychologists. In the books, journal articles, videos, blogs and podcasts you should have encountered the following people:
Some other classic thinkers include: