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Africa - in the Ancient History Encyclopedia
When people spoke of Africa in ancient times, they generally meant the northern coast of Africa, and more specifically the coast west of Egypt (Cyrenaica and the Maghreb). The ancients vaguely knew of the existance of sub-Saharan Africa, but were unaware of its geography.
Ancient Africa - on Ducksters
Explore the history, culture, civilizations, and people of ancient Africa.
The Kingdom of Nubia (Overview) - in ABC-Clio
There is evidence of extensive human habitation in Nubia since the Mesolithic Age, but it does not appear that the Nubians came into close contact with their northern neighbors until roughly 3000 BCE. It was at that time that the pharaohs of Egypt ventured south and conquered the Nubians at their most northerly reach, near Aswan.
Aksum: Thriving Center of Trade (Overview) - in ABC-Clio
Aksum (also called Axum), centered in the highlands of what is now northern Ethiopia and southern Eritrea, was an important state and a lively center of trade from the third to sixth centuries CE.
ROCK-ART & PRE-HISTORY - African World Heritage Sites
Evidence of early human artistic expression in Africa commonly takes the form of rock paintings and engravings. Some of these are thought to date back 12,000 years, but most are much more recent.
PBS: The Wonders of the African World - with Henry Louis gates
A website to support a show on PBS (the Public Broadcasting System in the US). "Africa is a continent of magnificent treasures and cultures -- from the breathtaking stone architecture of 1,000-year-old ruins in South Africa to an advanced 16th century international university in Timbuktu."
Crash Course - Sub saharan Africa
In which John Green teaches you about Sub-Saharan Africa! So, what exactly was going on there? It turns out, it was a lot of trade, converting to Islam, visits from Ibn Battuta, trade, beautiful women, trade, some impressive architecture, and several empires. John not only cover the the West African Malian Empire, which is the one Mansa Musa ruled, but he discusses the Ghana Empire, and even gets over to East Africa as well to discuss the trade-based city-states of Mogadishu, Mombasa, and Zanzibar.