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How-to: Research Help: Citation styles for IB Diploma Subjects

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IB Diploma subjects: Referencing styles required on the EAST campus

The Author-Page style of in-text referencing (e.g., MLA) is the default for all students in all subjects, however, for the IB Diploma programme, some departments choose a different style -- whether in-text Author-Date-Page (e.g., APA) or bottom-of-the-page Footnotes (e.g., Chicago) -- as indicated below.

MLA (Modern Language Association) -- this is the Author-Page style of inline citations
All Languages A & B, Economics, Design Technology, Film Studies, Visual Arts, Theatre, Music, World Studies
APA (American Psychological Association) -- this is the Author-Date-Page style of inline citations 
Psychology, Environmental Systems & Society, Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Geography, Mathematics, Computer Science
Chicago -- this is the style that uses footnotes at the bottom of the page
History

Summary Comparison of Referencing Styles

AUTHOR Style, e.g., MLA - Modern Language Association

This is the style with "author" -- and "page number" (if relevant).

Scentists have proved that mice can sing (Mice Research).  But others disagree (Smith, Brown, and Kaser 135).

AUTHOR-DATE Style, e.g., APA - American Psychological Association

This is the style with "author" and "date" -- and "page number" (if relevant).  For example:

Scientists have proved that mice can sing ("Mice Research," 2012).  But others disagree (Smith, Brown, & Kaser, 2013, p. 135).

FOOTNOTES Style, e.g., the Chicago Manual of Style (CMS)

This is the "foonotes" style.

Scientists have proved that mice can sing.1  But others disgree.2
-------
1.  "Mice Research," Scientists United, 2012, accessed September 1, 2014, http://sciunited.com/miceresearch.
2.  Anne Smith, Nancy Brown, and Kate Kaser, Research on Mice and Music (London: Oxford University Press, 2013), 135.


NOTE:  All three of the styles above would still have a "Works Cited" or "Bibliography" section at the end of the paper, where all the sources are listed alphabetically, in one list.


Need a login or password for a database or subscription service?  See Reference Sites under Learning Links on the UWCSEA website, which can be accessed directly via:  https://www.uwcsea.edu.sg/links   The same information is available via Google Docs:  http://bit.ly/accessuwc


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