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IB Diploma: Extended Essay Guide: Home

Broad general reading to generate ideas

Websites to stretch your brain .  Browse, read, and let your mind wander.

Library Guides: Introductions to Subjects

The library has developed some guides to help you explore a discipline and find resources -- both print and digital.  These are good places to start if you think you want to do your Extended Essay in this area.  (More will be forthcoming...)

You may find the Dover library guides useful as well.

Databases to start with

Summary Comparison of Referencing Styles

AUTHOR Style, e.g., MLA - Modern Language Association

This is the style with "author" -- and "page number" (if relevant).

Scentists have proved that mice can sing (Mice Research).  But others disagree (Smith, Brown, and Kaser 135).

AUTHOR-DATE Style, e.g., APA - American Psychological Association

This is the style with "author" and "date" -- and "page number" (if relevant).  For example:

Scientists have proved that mice can sing ("Mice Research," 2012).  But others disagree (Smith, Brown, & Kaser, 2013, p. 135).

FOOTNOTES Style, e.g., the Chicago Manual of Style (CMS)

This is the "foonotes" style.

Scientists have proved that mice can sing.1  But others disgree.2
1.  "Mice Research," Scientists United, 2012, accessed September 1, 2014,
2.  Anne Smith, Nancy Brown, and Kate Kaser, Research on Mice and Music (London: Oxford University Press, 2013), 135.

NOTE:  All three of the styles above would still have a "Works Cited" or "Bibliography" section at the end of the paper, where all the sources are listed alphabetically, in one list.

IB Diploma subjects: Referencing styles requied

The Author-Page style of in-text referencing (e.g., MLA) is the default for all students in all subjects, however, for the IB Diploma programme, some departments choose a different style -- whether in-text Author-Date-Page (e.g., APA) or bottom-of-the-page Footnotes (e.g., Chicago) -- as indicated below.

MLA (Modern Language Association) -- this is the Author-Page style of inline citations
All Languages A & B, Economics, Design Technology, Film Studies, Visual Arts, Theatre, Music, World Studies
APA (American Psychological Association) -- this is the Author-Date-Page style of inline citations 
Psychology, Environmental Systems & Society, Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Geography, Mathematics
Chicago -- this is the style that uses footnotes at the bottom of the page

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